Job & Family Services Unemployment Compensation FAQ's
Establishing Eligibility for Benefits - Reason for Unemployment


If I have lack of work, am I eligible for benefits?
 If you lose your job due to a "lack of work" (for example, you were laid off, your job was abolished, the business closed, or the plant shut down), you will be considered unemployed through no fault of your own. Your employer will be asked to verify the reason for your unemployment.
If I quit or left my job, am I eligible for benefits?

If you quit your job when you had the choice to stay, you will be considered to have caused your own unemployment. To get benefits when you quit, you must show that you had "just cause" for leaving the work. Some just-cause reasons for quitting your job are:

  • Your employer failed to meet the terms of the employment agreement.
  • Your employer failed to provide proper safety measures required by law.
  • Your work violated accepted moral or legal standards.
  • It is up to you to produce proof that you had just cause for quitting your employment. The legal standard under Ohio law that determines whether an employee quit with just cause is whether the action taken would be taken by an ordinarily careful person under similar circumstances.

    If I was discharged or fired from my job, am I eligible for benefits?   

    If your employer dismissed you from your job, you may not be eligible for benefits. The employer must establish that your discharge was for just cause. If the employer can establish just cause for dismissing you, you will not be eligible for unemployment benefits. Some reasons for discharge that may establish just cause are: 

    • You violated established company rules
    • You neglected your job responsibilities.
    • You disregarded the employer's interest.
    • You performed your work poorly.

    Payment may be allowed if you were not discharged for just cause.

    If I am unemployed due to a leave of absence or disciplinary layoff, am I eligible for benefits?


    If you are unemployed because you chose to take a leave of absence, you will not receive unemployment benefits during the leave period. If your employer has placed you on a work suspension or disciplinary layoff, the employer must establish that this action is for just cause. You may not be eligible for benefits.

    What is meant by just cause?
        The legal standard under Ohio law that determines whether an employee quit or was discharged with just cause is whether the action taken would be taken by an ordinary careful person under similar circumstances.
    If I am unemployed because of a labor dispute, am I eligible for benefits?   
     If you are unemployed because of a labor dispute other than a lockout, you will be disqualified from unemployment benefits during the dispute. If you became unemployed because of a lockout, the labor dispute will not prevent you from receiving benefits.  
    Does the agency contact my former employer(s)?
     Your former employer(s) will receive a request for information about why you are no longer employed.